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Thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate metabolism and other processes in a human’s body. Some people have problems with their thyroid. For instance, it may produce not enough hormones. In such cases for staying healthy a person needs help. If you have lack of hormones produced by your thyroid gland, a doctor may recommend you to use Synthroid (active ingredient Levothyroxine). This medication is mainly prescribed for the treating of hypothyroidism – low amount of thyroid hormone.
Other uses for this medication include preventing enlarged thyroid gland – a condition also known as goiter.This disorder may be caused by cancer, cancer treatment (radiation therapy), hormone imbalances, surgery and so on.
There may also be some other indications for using the medicament, still before you decide to use Levothyroxine you should attentively read the information arranged below.
Attention! The drug cannot be used for weight control or treating of obesity. Combined with other supplements, drugs and other weight-loss products Levothyroxine may cause severe side effects that can lead even to death.
Levothyroxine: contraindications and precautions
Patients with certain disorders may need dosage adjustment or may be not allowed to use the medicine at all.
You must consult your physician before starting the treatment in case you have:
- Uncontrolled adrenal gland disorder,
- Recently had symptoms of a heart attack.
Before you use Levothyroxine, notify your healthcare professional in case you have any of the below mentioned conditions:
- lack of red blood cells;
- history of blood clots;
- heart disease;
- low bone mineral density;
- coronary artery disease;
- drug allergies;
- problems in functioning of pituitary gland.
This is essential for prescribing you a correct dose. For instance, if you have diabetes, you have to take medications to control the disease. But in case you need to treat your hypothyroidism, the dose of diabetes medication is likely to be reduced.
Before you use Levothyroxine, do not forget to tell a medical specialist if you have recently been treated with I-131.
Levothyroxine: during pregnancy and breastfeeding
The medication is in FDA pregnancy category A. This means almost everyone, even pregnant women can safely use Levothyroxine, it is strongly recommended that a pregnant or a breast-feeding patient discusses the treatment program with her doctor. It’s essential to exclude possible interactions with other health products and supplements women usually take during pregnancy. Pregnant patients usually need smaller doses of the medication. Levothyroxine is not harmful for babies who receive breast milk.
Levothyroxine: administration aspects
Before you use Levothyroxine at a regular drug store or online, learn the instructions and follow them strictly. Never violate dosage or regulate it by yourself.
- Try to take Levothyroxine at the same time,
- 30 min before your first meal,
- With 8 ounces of liquid (water).
Be careful – tablets dissolve very quickly and may swell in the throat.
The therapeutic effect may appear since weeks of using the med.
Never use more of the drug than needed, even if you missed a dose. Overdose symptoms are: tremors, shortness of breath, leg cramps, chest pain, fast heart rate, nervousness. Get medical help asap if you overdosed.
Levothyroxine: drug interactions
If you are currently using any medications, then before you use Levothyroxine speak with your doctor about the scheme of taking the meds.
The medication can come into interaction with the following medicines:
- Di-Gel, Acid Gone, Milk of Magnesia, Rolaids, Mylagen, Alternagel, Gelusil, Mintox, Aldroxicon and other antacid meds that contain magnesium or aluminum;
- supplements of ferrous sulfate iron;
- certain cholesterol-lowering medicaments;
- calcium carbonate;
- Kionex, Kayexalate and some others.
These drugs may influence the efficacy of Levothyroxine, so a patient is more likely to be recommended to use them 3-4 hrs before or after using Levothyroxine.
You should also avoid such products as high-fiber foods, cotton seed meal, infant soy formula, walnuts.
Levothyroxine: possible side effects
Be very careful if you are using Levothyroxine. Get medical attention asap if you have allergic reaction to it or at least one of these side effects:
- hot flashes,
- sufficient weight changes,
- changes in periods,
- sweating or fever.
Mild hair loss is quite a common side effect that is not dangerous and doesn’t require medical attention.
Levothyroxine: Where to buy?
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